Growing Rajnigandha Polianthes Tuberosa Bulbs
07 Feb

Angiosperms (flowers) are also known by common names Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta are seed-bearing vascular flowering plants. There are around 450 families comprising trees, herbs, submerged aquatics, bulbs and epiphytes and largest flower families like Orchids, Compositae (Daisies) and Legumes (Beans) classified under Angiosperms. These families include around 15000 genera and 350000 species. Based on their seeds architecture Angiosperms are classified in to two groups Monocots and Dicots. Once flower seed coat splits  in to two pieces from the middle and it has Single embryonic leave inside then it is Monocot or if it has Two embryonic leaves, it is Dicot. Its very hard to find seeds of beautiful flowers and rare to split them and see the leave inside.

Without getting in to botanical classification, there is another method to group the flowers based on their life cycle, this method has three groups – Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Annual flower plants live for a season, Biennial complete their life cycle in two years while Perennials live for more than two years. There is no logical method to know the group of a flower plant, unless that is grown to test the life span or taking the advantage from others experiences.

Annuals – Plants that complete their entire life cycle from seed > bloom > seed within a single growing season are known as annual flowering plants. Plant’s roots, stems and leaves die annually, only the seeds are preserved to grow them in next season.

Biennials – Plants that complete their entire life cycle from seed > bloom > seed in two seasons, in first season they prepare themselves and in the second year they bloom and complete their life cycle.

Perennials – Plants that live for many growing seasons.

Complications – A plant can behave as an annual or a perennial depending on climatic and geographic conditions, there are many bulbous plants who die after a season but their bulbs remain alive to grow in next season.

Perennial Flowers

Achillea millefolium (Yarrow family)
African Daisy (Osteospermum)
Agapanthus (Star of Bethlehem)
Allium bisceptrum (Twincrest Onion)
Allium bisceptrum (Twincrest Onion)
Alstromeria (Peruvian Day Lily)
Amaranthus (Prince’s Feather)
Anemone (Windflower)
Aster (Daisy Family)
Astilbe Flower (False Spirea)
Aurinia saxatillis (Basket of Gold, Alyssum saxatilllis)

Baby’s Breath (Gypsophila tenuifolia)
Bachelor’s Button (Cornflower)
Bearded Iris
Bee Balm (Monarda)
Belladonna Lily (Amaryllis)
Bellis perennis (English Daisy)
Bellflower (Campanula rotundifolia)
Bidens gardneri (A type of Aster)
Bergenia (Saxifragas)
Blackberry Lily (Leopard Lily)
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)
Blanket Flower (Gaillardia)
Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)
Blue-Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium)
Blue Butterfly Bush (Rotheca myricoides)
Bracteantha bracteata (Aster, Daisy Family)
Browallia americana (Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Bush)
Bush Morning Glory (Ipomea) A small bush to 36″
Butterfly Bush (Buddleia, Buddleja) Woody Perennial

California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis 027
Campanula latifolia (Bellflower)
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Carnation Flower (Dianthus)
Catmint (Nepata) ‘Dawn to Dusk’ Hybrid
Cherry Bush (Prunus incisa) ‘Kojo-no-Mai’ Small Ornamental Cherry
Chrysanthemum (Daisy Family)
Clematis (Teksa Variety)
Columbine (Aquilegia, Granny’s Bonnet)
Coral Bells (Heuchera sanguinea)
Coreopsis (Aster, Daisy Family)
Cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum)
Creeping Forget Me Not (Boraginaceae Family)
Creeping Phlox Polemoniaceae
Creeping Zinnia (Yellow Prince)
Crocosmia lucifer
Crocus longiflorus

Daffodil (Narcissus)
Dahlia (Graceland)
Daisy Flower (Asteraceae family)
Daphne odora
Day Lily (Hemerocallis)
Delphinium (Cultivar) Ranunculus Family
Desert Rose (Adenium obesum)
Dianthus (Carnation family)
Diascia (Pink Butterfly)
Dietes grandiflora (Fairy Iris)
Dutch Iris (Iris Hollandica)

Echinacea augustifolia (Coneflower)
English Daisy (Pink-tinged Bellis perennis)
English Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
Erica hirtiflora (Heather)
Erigeron globellus (Seaside Daisy, Fleabane)
Erysimum (Wallflower)
Everlasting Daisy (Strawflower)
Evolvulus glomeratus

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
Fleabane (Erigeron, Seaside Daisy)
Flowering Crabapple (Malus Family, Wild Apple)
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida)
Flowering Peach (Prunus persica)
Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles, Rosaceae Family)
Forget Me Nots (Myosotis sylvatica) Credit
Four O’Clock Flower (Mirabilis jalapa)
Freesia (Alba)
French Marigold (Targetes patula)
Fuschia (Lady’s Eardrops)
Fuji Cherry Bush (Prunus incisa) ‘Kojo-no-Mai’

Gaillardia grandiflora (Blanket Flower)
Gentian Violet (Gentiana)
Geranium (Sanguineum)
Gardenia (Jasminoides, Double)
Gerbera (Daisy)
Gladiolus (Iris Family)
Goldenrod (Solidago velutina)
Grape Hyacinth (Muscari)
Gypsophila (Baby’s Breath)

Heather (Erica)
Hebe Flower (Veronica olgensis)
Helenium (Daisy Family)
Helianthemum (Rock Rose)
Heliotrope (Heliotropium peruvianum)
Hellebore (Winter Rose, Ranunculus Family)
Hibiscus (Mallow Family)
Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) Mallow Family
Honesty (Lunaria)
Honeysuckle (Lonicera)
Hosta (Asparagus Family)
Hyacinth (Asparagus Family)
Hydrangea (Macrophylla hortensia)
Hypericum (St John’s Wort)

Iberis (Sempervirens) Candytuft
Iceland Poppy (Papaver nudicaule)
Ice Plant (Carpobrotus)
Ilex (Holly Plant)
Impatiens (Busy Lizzie)
Indigo Plant (Indigofera)
Ipheon (Star Flower) Amaryllis Family
Ipomea (Morning Glory)
Iris Flower (Iridaceae Family)
Ixia (Corn LIly Iris Family)
Ixora (Jungle Flame) Rubiaceae Family

Jaborosa Plant (Nightshade Family)
Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum)
Jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum)
Jonquil (Narcissus jonquilla)
Kaffir Lily (Clivia miniata)
Kangaroo Paw (Red) Australian Native
Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker Plant)
Kolkwitzia (Linnaea amabilis) Beauty Bush

Lady’s Slipper Orchid (Ciprepedium arietinum)
Lantana (Verbena Family)
Larkspur (Delphinium, Ranunculus Family)
Lavatera (Mallow)
Lavender (Lavendula)
Lechenaultia (Australian Native) Evergreen Rhizome
Leucanthemum (Daisy Family, Crazy Daisy)
Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
Lily ‘Red Alert’ (Lilium Family)
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)
Linaria japonica (Toadflax)
Lobelia The plant with the WOW factor!
Lonicera heckrottii (Golden Flame Honeysuckle)
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Lunaria redviva (Honesty)
Lupin (Lupinus pollyphylus)

Malva (Alcea mochata)
Marigold Common or African Marigold (Tagetes Type)
Matthiola (Mustard Family)
Meconopsis (Blue Poppy)
Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria, Queen of the Meadow)
Mimosa regina (Pea Family)
Monbretia (Crocosmia)
Mock Orange (Philadelphus)
Monk’s Hood (Aconitum, Queen of all Poisons)
Moonflower (Ipomea alba)
Morning Glory (Ipomea)
Moss Rose (Portulaca grandiflora) Drought Tolerant

Narcissus (Jonquils, Paperwhites)
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum)
Nemesia (Sunsatia banana)
Nemophila (Baby Blue eyes)
Nepeta sibirica (Catmint)
Nerine bowdenii (Amaryllis Family)
Nerium (Oleander)
Nicotiana (Tobacco Plant)

Oenethera (Sundrop Plant)
Orchid (Orchidaceae)
Oriental Lily (Lilium)
Oriental Poppy (Papaver orientale)
Ornamental Onion (Allium)
Osteospermum (Daisy Family)
Ox Eye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Painted Daisy (Tanacetum coccineum) Asteraceae Family
Pansy Flower (Viola wittrockiana)
Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)
Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum floribundum) Not a true Lily
Pearl Bush (Bride Bush) Exochorda
Pelargonium (Geranium sanguineum)
Penstemon rupicola (Hairy Beard Tongue)
Peony Flower (Paeoniaceae Family)
Perennial Pea (Lathyrus latifolius)
Persian Buttercup (Ranunculus asiaticus)
Phlox Flower (Polemoniaceae Family Along with Jacob’s Ladder)
Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa)
Pocket Book Flower (Lady’s Slipper Calceolaria)
Primula (Primulaceae)

Quaker Ladies (Houstonia caerulea)
Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus corota Carrot Family)
Queen of the Meadow (Filipendula)
Queen’s Cup (Clintonia uniflora)
Rain Lily (Zephyranthes)
Ranunculus asiaticus
Rhodedendron aechmophylum
Rock Geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum)
Rock Rose (Cistus incanus) Also refers to Helianthemum
Rondeletia (Bedstraw Plant) Rubiaceae Family
Rose of Sharon in Missouri
Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus)
Hibiscus Falcon
Rose Mallow (Hibiscus falcon)
Rudbeckia (Black-Eyed Susan)
Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)

Salvia (Sage Plant)
Saxifragas Saxifragaceae Family (Stone Breaker)
Scabiosa (Pincushion Flower)
Scarlet Sage (Salvia)
Scented Geranium (Pelargonium)
Scilla (Asparagus Family)
Scotch Heather (Calluna vulgaris) Ericaceae
Sea Pink (Armeria maritima)
Sedum (Stonecrop) Crassulaceae Family
Shasta Daisy Leucanthemum
Showy Colchium False Autumn Crocus (Naked Lady)
Siberian Iris (Iris siberica)
Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis)
Snowflake (Leucojum vernum)
Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinth Family)
Spirea (Splendens) Rose Family
Starflower (Ipheion uniflorum) Allium Family
St John’s Wort (Hypericum)
Star of Bethlehem (Agapanthus)
Statice Limonium Plumbago Family
Stock Flower (Matthiola) Heavy fragrance
Strawflower (Xerochrysum bracteatum) Golden Everlasting
Sweet Alyssum (Lobularia maritima)
Sweet William Dianthus barbatus (Pinks)

Tagetes erecta (Mexican Marigold)
Tanacetum parthenium (Feverfew) Aster, Daisy Family
Thunbergia grandiflorum (Blue Skyvine)
Thymus serpyllum coccineus (Creeping Red Thyme)
Tickseed (Coreopsis leavenworthii)
Korean Lilium lancifolium (Tiger Lily)
Tiger Lily (Lilium)
Toad Lily (Lilium)
Treasure Flower (Gazania rigens) Aster, Daisy Family
Trillium grandiflorum (Lilium Family)
Tritelia crocea (Triplet Lily) Asparagus Family
Tritonia crocata (Flame Freesia) Iris Family
Tropaeolum azureum
Tuberose White (Polianthes tuberosa)

Urn Plant (Aechmea fasciata) Bromeliad Family
Ursinia calenduliflora (Daisy Family)
Uva Ursi Arctostaphylos (Bear Berry)
Verbena officinalis (Vervain)
Veronica longifolia (Speedwell)
Viburnum (Adoxaceae Family)
Viola Cultivars (Violaceae Family)
Viola odorata (Sweet Violet) Spreading
Viola sororia (Wild Violet) Spreading
Viola tri-colour (Heartsease, Johnny Jump Up)
Viola wittrockiana (Pansy) Violaceae Family

Wallflower (Eryssimum) Brassicaceae Family
Wandflower (Sparaxis tricolour)
Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
Water Lily (Nymphea)
Watsonia (Iris Family)
Wedelia (Sunflower Family)
Weigela (Caprifoliaceae Family)
Whirling Butterflies (Gaura)
Wild Rose (Rubiginosa)
Windflower (Japanese Anemone)
Wisteria chinensis
Winter Daffodil (Sternbergia lutea)

Xanthoceras sorbifolium (Yellowhorn) A woody perennial
Xeranthemum (Helichrysum bracteatum) Strawflower
Xerophyllum (Bear Grass Indian Basket Grass)
Xylobium (Orchid)
Xyris difformis (Yellow-Eyed Grass)
Yarrow (Achillea distans)
Yellow Bell Golden Trumpet Flower (Allamanda Cathartica)
Yellow Eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium californicum)
Zenobia Honey Cup
Zinnia elegans
Zephyranthes (Rain Lily) Amaryllis Family

Annual Flowers

Agastache – Hummingbird Mist Hyssop
Ageratum houstonianum – Flossflower
Alternanthera dentata ‘Rubiginosa’ – Indoor Clover
Alternanthera ficoidea – Joseph’s Coat
Amaranthus caudatus – Love-Lies-Bleeding
Antirrhinum majus – Snapdragon
Begonia semperflorens-cultorum – Wax Begonia
Bidens ‘Goldmarie’ – Gold Marie Annual Bidens
Bidens ferulifolia – Bur Marigold
Brassica oleracea – Ornamental Cabbage
Brassica oleracea ‘Osaka Red’ – Osaka Red Ornamental Cabbage
Brassica oleracea ‘Osaka White’ – Osaka White Ornamental Cabbage
Browallia speciosa – Sapphire Flower
Calendula officinalis – Calendula
Capsicum annuum – Bush Red Pepper
Catharanthus roseus – Madagascar Periwinkle
Celosia – Cockscomb
Celosia ‘Century Red’ – Century Red Cockscomb
Celosia ‘Flamingo Feather’ – Flamingo Feather Cockscomb
Celosia argentea var cristata – Cockscomb
Centaurea cyanus – Bachelor’s Button
Clarkia amoena – Satin Flower
Cleome hasslerana – Spider Flower
Coleus – Coleus
Coreopsis tinctoria – Calliopsis
Cosmos bipinnatus – Mexican Aster
Cosmos sulphureus – Sulphur Cosmos
Cyperus alternifolius – Umbrella Plant
Dendranthema grandiflora – Chrysanthemum
Dendranthema grandiflora ‘Lynn’ – Lynn Chrysanthemum
Dianthus chinensis – China Pinks
Eschscholzia californica – California Poppy
Eschscholzia californica ‘Thai Silk’ – Thai Silk California Poppy
Eustoma grandiflorum – Lisianthus
Gaillardia pulchella ‘Red Plume’ – Red Plume Blanket Flower
Gaillardia pulchella – Blanket Flower
Gomphrena globosa – Globe Amaranth
Gypsophila elegans – Annual Baby’s Breath
Helianthus annuus – Common Sunflower
Helianthus annuus ‘Teddy Bear’ – Teddy Bear Common Sunflower
Helichrysum bracteatum – Strawflower
Helichrysum petiolare – Licorice Plant
Hunnemannia fumariifolia ‘Sunlite’ – Sunlite Mexican Tulip Poppy
Impatiens – New Guinea Impatiens
Impatiens balsamina – Garden Balsam
Impatiens wallerana – Impatiens
Impatiens wallerana ‘Bright Eye’ – Bright Eye Impatiens
Ipomoea batatus ‘Blackie’ – Blackie Sweet Potato
Ipomoea batatus ‘Margarita’ – Margarita Sweet Potato
Ipomoea batatus ‘Tricolor’ – Tricolor Sweet Potato
Lantana camara – Lantana
Laurentia axillaris ‘Blue Stars’ – Isotoma
Lobelia erinus – Edging Lobelia
Lobelia erinus ‘Crystal Palace’ – Crystal Palace Edging Lobelia
Lobularia maritima – Sweet Alyssum
Meconopsis betonicifolia – Blue Poppy
Melampodium paludosum – Medallion Flower
Mirabilis jalapa – Four-O’Clocks
Nicotiana alata – Flowering Tobacco
Nicotiana alata ‘Nicki Rose’ – Nicki Rose Flowering Tobacco
Nigella damascena – Love-in-a-Mist
Nolana paradoxa – Nolana
Nymphaea – Water Lily
Ocimum basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’ – Purple Ruffles Sweet Basil
Ocimum basilicum ‘Red Rubin’ – Red Rubin Basil
Ocimum basilicum ‘Spicy Globe’ – Spicy Globe Basil
Ocimum basilicum – Sweet Basil
Pelargonium – Common Geranium
Pelargonium peltatum – Ivy Geranium
Petunia – Petunia
Petunia – Purple Wave™ Petunia
Petunia integrifolia – Petunia
Pistia stratiotes – Water Lettuce
Plectranthus argentatus – Silver Shrub
Portulaca grandiflora – Moss Rose
Primula allionii ‘Apple Blossom’ – Poison Primrose
Proboscidea louisianica – Clawpod
Ricinus communis – Castor Bean
Ricinus communis ‘Carmencita’ – Scarlet Castor Bean
Romneya coulteri – Matilija Poppy
Rudbeckia hirta var pulcherrima – Gloriosa Daisy
Rudbeckia hirta var pulcherrima ‘Rustic Colors’ – Rustic Colors Gloriosa Daisy
Salvia coccinea – Scarlet Sage
Salvia leucantha – Mexican Bush Sage
Salvia patens ‘Cambridge Blue’ – Cambridge Blue Gentian Sage
Salvia splendens – Scarlet Sage
Salvia viridis ‘Claryssa’ – Claryssa Painted Sage
Sanvitalia procumbens – Creeping Zinnia
Senecio cineraria – Dusty Miller
Spathiphyllum wallisii – Peace Lily
Strobilanthes dyerianus – Persian Shield
Tagetes erecta – African Marigold
Tagetes patula – Dwarf French Marigold
Tagetes tenuifolia – Signet Marigold
Tithonia rotundifolia – Mexican Sunflower
Torenia fournieri – Wishbone Flower
Tropaeolum majus – Nasturtium
Verbena ‘Imagination’ – Imagination Creeping Verbena
Verbena – Garden Verbena
Verbena bonariensis – Brazilian Verbena
Vinca major ‘Variegata’ – Vinca Vine
Viola – Pansy
Zinnia angustifolia – Narrowleaf Zinnia
Zinnia elegans – Zinnia

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